Brochures

Fruits & Vegetables

Tomatoes

These popular, pleasantly flavoured fruits, much esteemed for salads, cooking and juice, are rich in sources of vitamins A, B1 and C. Great variety among tomatoes exists; size of plants, size and shape of the fruit to the colour ranging from red to yellow to orange to creamy white.

Location

  • warm, sunny, sheltered spot (6 hrs of sun per day) 
  • rich, moist, well drained soil
  • amend soil prior to planting with compost or well-rotted manure 
  • Incorporation of a fertilizer containing high content of phosphorous and potassium is beneficial (bone meal can be used as a phosphorous source)

Planting

Planting outside is usually done around the end of May when the danger of frost has past. If you wish to plant sooner and the weather is favorable, the use of Kozy-Coats is recommended for added protection.

 

Watering

  • water on a regular bases
  • extremely important to keep well watered as soon as fruiting begins
  • use a transplant fertilizer for the first 2-4 weeks after transplanting then move onto an all purpose fertilizer or a vegetable fertilizer

    Transplant Fertilizers: 10-52-10 or 5-15-5
    Schultz Liquid Tomato Fertilizer: 9-10-15
    Jobes Tomato Stakes 8-24-8 - feeds for 8 weeks
    All Purpose Fertilizer: 20-20-20
    Vegetable Fertilizer: 15-15-30

Mulching

It is beneficial to mulch around the base of the plant to help prevent moisture loss and suppress weed growth.

Varieties

Two Basic Types

Determinate Plants

compact, have a heavy crop of fruit in a short period of time, require no pruning and grow well in tomato cages and rings.

Indeterminate Plants

tall, produce fruit throughout the season; require staking as well as pruning.

Harvesting

  • harvest promptly as they ripen
  • in hot, humid weather fruit will be firmer and crisper if picked just before they are dead ripe and allowed to complete the ripening process indoors at room temperature
  • storage - keep them in a cool, dry place
  • at the end of the season, before a hard frost, harvest all remaining fruit
  • spread out those that are beginning to turn colour in shallow boxes or trays and put them in a cool frost proof cellar or garage or a similar place
    OR
  • pull up entire plants and hang them from the ceiling in a storage room 
  • fruit that are showing colour will then ripen before they are actually removed from the plant

Problems

Blossom End Rot

A sunken black, rotted area on the blossom end of the fruit. Caused by a calcium deficiency, due to poor or heavy clay soils. Feed with a balanced fertilizer containing calcium and maintain uniform soil moisture.

Growth Cracking

Fruit is split or cracked on the vine. Results from fluctuations in the rate of growth because of water, heat or other stress factors. Try to keep water supply as consistent as possible through the season.

Catfacing

Scar-like streaks and unusual swelling on the fruit. It results from disturbances such as prolonged cool weather during pollination which may inhibit the fertilization process. Fruit is less attractive but still edible.

Leaf Roll

Leaves may curl or roll up. A condition brought on by either and excess or inadequate water supply. The condition does not usually affect the growth, plants continue to develop normally. Curled leaves rarely uncurl.

Using Tomato Fruit Set:

Why use it

it’s a growth regulator that helps to stimulate the formation of fruit. Fruit can be formed without pollination.

How to use

apply a fine spray to the blossom clusters when the blossoms in the cluster are open