Brochures

Fruits & Vegetables

Vegetables

Artichoke (Jerusalem)

  • different from a common artichoke, but its consistency and flavour of the cooked tubers resemble the flavour of an artichoke
  • require a sunny location
  • average well-drained soil
  • harvest in the fall
  • easy to grow

Asparagus

  • requires more care than most vegetables in your garden
  • full sun
  • rich, moist, well-drained soil
  • amend soil with compost or manure
  • add a handful of bone meal per plant when planting
Planting:
  • dig a trench 15-25cm deep in rows 60-90cm apart
  • add a handful of bone meal per plant
  • spread roots out and space plants 30cm apart
  • cover roots with no more than 10cm of soil
  • gradually fill trench as plant grows
  • apply a starter fertilizer (10-52-10) after planting and repeat application at 1 week intervals for 3-4 weeks using half the recommended rate
  • water regularly
Harvesting:
  • pick as required
  • minimum 3 yr old before harvesting begins
  • cut spears 15-20cm long and about the thickness of your finger
  • cut with a sharp knife below the soil level - do not damage immature spears
  • avoid over harvesting as this reduces next year’s yields
  • 1st yr harvest only 2-3 wks, 2nd yr harvest no more then 3-4wks and after that 4-6wks

Bassica Family:

Broccoli, Brussel Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Kale and Kohlrabi.

All these vegetables belong to the same family so have the same cultural requirements:
  • full sun
  • rich, moist we-drained soil
  • amend soil with compost or well-rotted manure annually 
  • keep well watered especially when fruit development begins
  • keep weed free
  • plant outdoors when chance of frost has past
  • use a transplant fertilizer (10-52-10) for 3 weeks after planting then use an all purpose (20-20-20) or a vegetable fertilizer (15-15-30)
Broccoli
  • cut off central head along with 5-6" of stem when it is fully developed but before it begins to loosen or flower
  • side shoots will develop enabling you to harvest over a longer period
  • harvest during the coolest parts of the day
  • 40 days to harvest
Brussel Sprouts
  • slow growing, long season vegetable
  • matures in the fall during cooler days
  • pick or cut sprouts from the stem when they are firm and round 
  • a light frost will improve flavour
  • 90-100 days to harvest
Cabbage
  • many different varieties
  • harvest at any stage - before heads split or become damaged
  • sometimes during exceptional seasons a second crop will be produced
  • 80-100 days to harvest
Cauliflower
  • cool weather crop, a little more difficult than other vegetable crops
  • heads will be compact, very firm and white when ready to harvest
  • harvest when slightly immature by cutting the main stem 
  • very important to keep well watered throughout the season 
  • 55–60 days to harvest
Kale
  • adaptable crop that will tolerate a range of temperature and poor soils 
  • harvest when leaves are 15cm high
  • young leaves have the best flavour
  • better flavour after a couple of frosts
  • 55 days to harvest
Kohlrabi
  • similar to a turnip
  • harvest when they are midway between the size of a golf ball and a tennis ball (2" in diameter)
  • 40-60 days to harvest

Celery

  • a lot of work involved with this crop, need a long growing season 
  • sunny location
  • rich, moist, well-drained soil
  • amend soil with compost or manure annually
  • water and fertilize regularly throughout the growing season
  • keep area weed free
  • transplant outdoors once chance of frost has past - will tolerate a light frost
Planting:
  • dig a trench 5cm deep and space plants 20cm apart
Harvesting:
  • can harvest outer stalks and leaves throughout the season, just don’t take more then a quarter of the growth
  • when ready to harvest, cut entire plant just above the base of the roots
  • 90-120 days to harvest

NOTE: this is a high maintenance crop - requires lots of water & fertilizer

Cucumbers

  • full sun, sheltered area with climbing support
  • rich, moist, well-drained soil
  • amend soil with compost or manure annually
  • plant outdoors when chance of frost has passed
  • mulch around the base of the plants
Planting:
  • plant and maintain cucumber crops late in the day when soil is warm and leaves are dry
  • plant in hills, 30cm apart
  • feed every two weeks with a vegetable fertilizer (15-15-30)
Harvesting:
  • pick off the first fruit when it reaches 6cm in length this encourages a better yield
  • harvest when fruit reaches a reasonable size and sides are parallel
  • harvest on a regular bases so production continues
  • production will cease if the fruit is allowed to mature and turn yellow on the vines
  • 70 days to harvest

Leeks

  • full sun, rich, moist well-drained soil
  • amend soil with compost or manure on annually
Planting:
  • dig a shallow trench (1cm) and place plants 5-10cm apart
  • as plants grow , fill in the trench
Harvesting:
  • gently lift plants in the fall being careful not to wrench plant out of the soil
  • harvest leeks when they are on the small side for best flavour
    OR
  • dig up leeks soil and all and place in a cardboard box (soil, root and all)
  • keep them in a cold room or garage and harvest them as needed
  • 105 days to harvest

Lettuce

  • one of the easier vegetables to grow
  • full sun to part shade, moist, well-drained soil
  • amend soil with compost or manure annually
Planting:
  • can plant from early spring to the beginning of July
  • avoid watering late in the day
  • It’s a good idea to put out slug pellets or some kind of control for slugs to protect your crop
Harvesting:
  • ready to be harvested as soon as a firm heart has formed
  • simply cut head off
  • harvest in the morning when leaves are crisp
  • pick only as much as you can use or need
  • in containers - cut to about 2.5cm from soil level and a second crop will be produced
  • stagger crops so you have a continuous supply of lettuce throughout the season
  • 50-90 days to harvest

Peppers

  • two types sweet and hot
  • full sun and in a sheltered site - at least 6 hours of sun a day 
  • amend soil with compost or manure annually
  • water and fertilize plants on a regular basis
Planting:
  • plant outdoors after danger of frost has passed
  • start seed indoor in March 
  • plant slightly deeper then plant were in the containers
  • plant 35cm apart
Harvesting:
  • pick fruit when they appear to be ripe
  • green peppers are usually harvested when they reach 6-9cm long or left to ripen to red or yellow
  • hot peppers can be picked any time
  • 60-80 days to harvest

Zucchini

  • full sun, moist, well-drained soil in a sheltered location
  • amend soil with compost or manure annually
  • keep well watered and fertilized
Planting:
  • plant outdoors when danger of frost has passed
Harvesting:
  • regular harvesting encourages continued production
  • harvest when fruit is young and small (10-20cm) for best flavour
  • 50-55 days to harvest

Indoor Seeding Charts


VEGETABLE

SEEDING INDOORS

Beans -bush, pole, yellow & broad

1st week of May

Beets

No need seed outdoors in April-May

Broccoli

1st week of April

Brussels sprouts

1st week of April

Cabbage

1st week of April

Carrots

No need seed outdoors April-June

Cauliflower

1st week of April

Cucumber

3rd week of April

Kale & Kohlrabi

1st week of April

Lettuce

Mid-April

Onions

March 1st

Parsnips & Peas

No need seed outdoors in early spring

Peppers

Mid-February

Potatoes

No need seed outdoors in early May

Radish

No need seed outdoors in mid-July

Rutabaga & Turnip

No need seed outdoors as soon as soil is workable

Spinach

No need seed outdoors in May

Squash

Late April

Swiss Chard

No need seed outdoors in May

Tomatoes

Late February-early March