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Trees & Shrubs

Prairie Hardy Trees

Name

Height

Spread

Zone

Foliage

Flowers / Fruit

Features

MAPLE - Autumn Blaze

Acer x freemanii Jeffersred

50'

15m

36-40'

11-12m

4

green turning orange-red in the fall

somara

dense fast growing oval headed tree; lobed green leaves turn red in the fall

MAPLE - Sienna Glen

Acer x freemanii Sienna

40-50'

12-15m

26-30'

8-9m

3

green turning orange-red in the fall

somara

vigorous well branched pyramidal tree; less susceptible to sunscald and dieback

MAPLE - Amur

Acer ginnala

15-17'

4.5-5m

10-12'

3-3.5m

3

green turning red in the fall

red somara

small tree or multi-stemmed shrub; fragrant flowers in the spring, leaves turn bright red in the fall

MAPLE - Sensation

Acer negundo Sensation

30'

9m

23-26'

7-8m

2

green turning orange-red in the fall

seedless

upright, uniformly branched tree with red fall colour; seedless variety tolerant of wet or dry sites

MAPLE - Crimson King

Acer platanoides Crimson King

26-33'

8-10m

23-30'

7-9m

4

dark purple

purplish somara

upright oval headed tree with deeply lobed dark purple leaves

MAPLE - Prairie Splendor

Acer platanoides Prairie Splendor

 33'

10m

26'

8m

4

dark purple

purplish somara

selection from Lethbridge; slow growing, upright oval headed tree with rich purple foliage

MAPLE - Korean

Acer pseudosieboldianum

16'

5m

10'

3m

3

green turning yellow, orange, and red in the fall

green somara

small rounded tree with scarlet red bark on new growth and a stunning mix of foliage colour in the fall

MAPLE - Autumn Spire

Acer rubrum Autumn Spire

40-50'

12-15m

26'

8m

3

green turning bright red in the fall

red flowers, seedless

large broadly columnar tree; showy red flowers appear before the leaves, bright red fall colour

MAPLE - Northwood

Acer rubrum Northwood

40-50'

12-15m

26'

8m

3

green turning red-orange in the fall

red flowers, red somaras

large round headed tree; showy red flowers in the spring, red-orange foliage in the fall

MAPLE - Unity Sugar

Acer saccharum Unity

33'

10m

26'

8m

3

green turning bright yellow-red in the fall

insignificant

Sugar Maple cultivar for the prairies; slow growing oval headed tree with yellow to red fall colour

MAPLE - Hot Wings

Acer tartaricum Garr Ann

20'

6m

13-20'

4-6m

   green turning yellow then red in the fall

yellow flowers, red somaras

 small tree with a graceful upright spreading habit; slow growing, sturdy tree

MAPLE - Rugged Charm

Acer tartaricum Rugged Charm 

20'

6m

15'

4.5m

3

green turning yellow-red in the fall

white flowers, red somaras

compact, oval headed tree; green leaves turn red-yellow in the fall; tolerant of dry soils and cold winters

OHIO BUCKEYE

Aesculus glabra

26-30'

8-9m

20-23' 

6-7m

3

green turning orange in the fall

creamy white flowers, spiny nut

small round headed tree with upright clusters of flowers and fingered leaves that turn orange in the fall

ALDER - Prairie Horizon Manchurian

Alnus hirsute Harbin

30-40'

9-12m

20-30'

6-9m

3

dark green turning yellow in the fall

purple catkins

medium sized tree with an upright habit; smooth gray bark, yellow fall colour, drought tolerant

SERVICEBERRY - Robin Hill

Amelanchier grandiflora Robin Hill

23'

7m

12-13'

3.5-4m

3

glossy green turning orange-red in the fall

white flowers, purple berries

small upright low maintenance tree; white flowers, fall colour, edible berries; self-fertile

BIRCH - River

Betula occidentalis

20'

6m

13'

4m

2

green turning yellow in the fall

catkin

small native tree with shiny reddish-coppery bark and yellow fall colour; tolerant of wet sites

BIRCH - Paper

Betula papyrifera

40'

12m

20-23'

6-7m

2

green turning bright yellow in the fall

catkin

large pyramidal tree with chalk-white papery peeling bark, yellow fall colour, keep well watered

BIRCH - Cutleaf Weeping

Betula pendula Laciniata

40-50'

12-15m

23'

7m    

2

green turning bright yellow in the fall

catkin

large graceful weeping tree with deeply cut green leaves and papery white bark; keep well watered

BIRCH - Dakota Pinnacle

Betula platyphylla Fargo

23-26'

7-8m

7-8'

2-2.5'

3

green turning bright yellow in the fall

catkin

narrow columnar tree with yellow fall colour and white bark; heat, drought, and insect resistant

BIRCH - Young’s Weeping

Betula pendula Youngii

10'

3m

7-16'

2-5m

3

green turning bright yellow in the fall

catkin

small graceful tree with an irregular weeping habit; paper white peeling bark

CARAGANA - Fernleaf

Caragana arborescens Lobergii

13'

4m

 10'

3m

3

light green turning yellow in the fall

bright yellow flowers, seed pods

small irregular vase-shaped tree with feathery leaves and yellow flowers; great for hot/dry sites

CARAGANA - Sutherland

Caragana arborescens Sutherland

16'

5m

5-7'

1.5-2m

3

light green turning yellow in the fall

bright yellow flowers, seed pods

tall narrow tree with a vase-shaped habit; great for hot/dry sites; tolerant of poor or salty soils

CARAGANA - Weeping

Caragana arborescens Pendula

5-6'

1.5-1.8m

3-4'

1-1.2m

2

green turning yellow in the fall

bright yellow flowers, seed pods

small umbrella-shaped weeping tree with rounded light green leaves; great for hot/dry sites

CARAGANA - Walker

Caragana arborescens Walker

5-6'

1.5-1.8m

3-4' 

1.-1.2m

2

green turning yellow in the fall

bright yellow flowers, seed pods

small umbrella-shaped weeping tree with feathery light green leaves; great for hot/dry sites

HAWTHORNE - Snowbird

Crataegus mordenensis Snowbird

16-20'

5-6m

10' 

3m

3

glossy dark green turning yellow in the fall

double white flowers, red berries

small upright rounded tree with some thorns; fragrant double flowers followed by red fruit

HAWTHORNE - Toba

Crataegus mordenensis Toba

16-20'

5-6m

10-13'

3-4m

3

glossy dark green turning yellow in the fall

double pink flowers, red berries

small upright rounded tree with few thorns; fragrant flowers open white and age to pink

RUSSIAN OLIVE - Common

Elaeagnus angustifolia

20-26'

6-8m

16-23'

6-8m

3

silver

yellow flowers, silver berries

small specimen tree with silver leaves and fragrant flowers; heat, drought, and wind tolerant

ASH - Patmore Green

Fraxinus pennsylvanica Patmore

50'

15m

33'

10m

2

green turning yellow in the fall

seedless

hardy upright oval headed tree, glossy green leaves turn yellow in the fall; seedless and adaptable

ASH - Prairie Spire Green

Fraxinus pennsylvanica Rugby

50'

15m

23'

7m

2

green turning yellow in the fall

seedless

narrow pyramidal tree with superior hardiness in adverse conditions; seedless and adaptable

MAACKIA - Amur

Maackia amurensis

16-20'

5-6m

13-16'

3-4m

3

dark olive green

fragrant white flowers, seedpods

small broadly rounded graceful tree with coppery-bronze bark and fragrant white flowers

ORNAMENTAL CRABAPPLE

Malus x adstringens

7-23'

2-7m

6-20'

1.8-6m

3

varies based on variety.  Green, green-bronze, bronze, dark purple

varies based on variety.  white, pink, rose-pink, reddish-purple, pinkish-purple

showy fragrant, spring blooming trees that come in a variety of shapes and sizes.

POPLAR - Tower

Populus x canescens Tower

40'

12m

10'

3m

2

green turning yellow in the fall

catkins

a narrow columnar tree; green leaves have a silvery underside, fast growing, and disease resistant

ASPEN - Swedish Columnar

Populus tremula Erecta

40'

12m

7'

2m

2

green turning orange-yellow in the fall

catkins

narrow, tight columnar tree, new growth is bronze maturing to green, twisting branches

ASPEN - Quaking

Populus tremuloides

33-50'

10-15m

20-30'

6-9m

2

green turning bright yellow in the fall

catkins

a native tree with a pyramidal shape; round green leaves turn bright yellow, smooth green-white bark

AMUR CHERRY

Prunus maackii

26-30

8-9m

23'

7m

2

green turning yellow in the fall

white flowers, black cherries

a small rounded tree with multi-season interest; stunning coppery-brown flaking bark

AMUR CHERRY - Goldrush

Prunus maackii Jefree

23-26'

7-8m

13-20'

4-6m

3

 green turning yellow in the fall

white flowers, black cherries

small rounded tree with coppery bark; multi-season interest; improved resistance to frost cracking

PLUM - Princess Kay

Prunus nigra Princess Kay

16'

5m

10'

3m    

3

green turning orange-red in the fall

double-white flowers, yellowish-red plums

a small oval headed tree with fragrant fluffy double white flowers and dark reddish-brown bark

PLUM - Muckle

Prunus x nigrella Muckle

16'

5m

10'

3m

3

green turning orange-red in the fall

rosy-pink flowers, non-fruiting

a small round headed tree with fragrant pink flowers in early spring; ideal for small yards

MAYDAY - Common

Prunus padus var commutata

26-33'

8-10m

26'

8m

2

green turning yellowish-red in the fall

fragrant white flowers, black berries

a vigorous round headed tree that produces fragrant flowers in the spring; hardy and easy to grow

MAYDAY - Merlot

Prunus padus Drietree

26'

8m

16'

5m

3

emerge green and turn dark burgundy

fragrant white flowers, red berries

a uniform upright tree with dark burgundy leaves, fragrant white flowers, and merlot red berries

MAYDAY - Sweetheart

Prunus padus Sel

16'

5m

7'

2m

2

purple-green

fragrant pink, black berries

upright uniform tree with purple-green leaves and clusters of true pink fragrant flowers

PIN CHERRY -

Prunus pennsylvanica

16'

5m

10'

3m

2

green turning orange in the fall

white flowers, red cherries

small upright oval native tree; dark green leaves, orange fall colour, red cherries, and red-brown bark

CHOKECHERRY - Bailey Select Schubert

Prunus virginiana Bailey Select

26'

8m

20'

6m

3

emerge green mature to purple

white flowers, black berries

a vigorous oval headed tree; foliage emerges green maturing to purple, fragrant white flowers in the spring

CHOKECHERRY - Spur Schubert

Prunus viginiana Spur

20'

6m

13'

4m

3

emerge green mature to purple

white flowers, black berries

a small oval headed tree with fragrant white flowers and green leaves that mature to purple

OAK - Burr

Quercus macrocarpa

33'

10m

26'

8m

3

dark green turning yellow in the fall

catkins, acorns

upright tree with an open oval canopy with lobed dark green leaves and corky ridged bark

WILLOW - Golden

Salix alba var vitellina

50'

15m

40'

12m

3

glossy dark green

catkins, capsule

fast growing tree with a broad pyramidal habit; glossy green leaves and bright golden yellow bark

WILLOW - Laurel Leaf

Salix pentandra

40'

12m

30'

9m

 

2

glossy dark green

catkins, capsule

fast growing, upright rounded tree with glossy dark green leaves long lasting into the fall; water loving

WILLOW - Prairie Cascade

Salix x Prairie Cascade

33'

10m

33'

10m

3

glossy dark green

catkins, capsule

fast growing tree with a weeping habit; glossy green leaves on golden stems; prefers moist sites

MOUNTAIN ASH - American

Sorbus americana

26'

8m

16'

5m

2

dark green turning orange-red in the fall

white flowers, orange-red berries

a small upright oval headed tree that has white flowers and red berries; needs well-drained soil

MOUNTAIN ASH - Black Hawk

Sorbus aucuparia Black Hawk

26'

8m

16'

5m

3

green turning orange-red in the fall

white flowers, orange-red berries

small tree with a columnar habit; white flowers, red berries, and fall colour; resistant to sunscald

MOUNTAIN ASH - European

Sorbus aucuparia

30'

9m

20'

6m

3

green turning orange-red in the fall

white flowers, orange-red berries

upright rounded tree with white flowers, orange-red berries, and coppery bark; needs well-drained soil

MOUNTAIN ASH - Oak Leaf

Sorbus hybrida

30'

9m

16-20'

5-6m

3

grey-green turning yellow in the fall

white flowers; orange-red berries

upright oval headed tree with lobed oak-shaped grey-green leaves; requires well-drained soil

MOUNTAIN ASH - Pyramidal

Sorbus aucuparia Fastigiata

20'

6m

7'

2m

3

green turning orange-red in the fall

white flowers, orange-red berries

a slow columnar tree with white flowers, orange-red berries, and coppery bark; needs well-drained soil

MOUNTAIN ASH - Showy

Sorbus decora

20'

6m

16'

5m

2

green turning red in the fall

white flowers, red berries

hardy compact round headed tree with red berries, fall colour, and white flowers; needs well-drained soil

JAPANESE TREE LILAC

Syringa reticulata

16-20'

5-7m

10-16' 

3-5m

3

dark green turning yellow in the fall

large white flowers, capsule

a showy summer blooming tree; fragrant white flowers, dark brown bark, non-suckering habit

JAPANESE TREE LILAC - Golden Eclipse

Syringa reticulate Golden Eclipse

16-23'

5-7m

8-13'

2.5-4m

3

dark green with a golden yellow edge

large white flowers, capsule

upright oval headed tree with unique variegated leaves, white flowers, and dark brown bark

JAPANESE TREE LILAC - Ivory Silk

Syringa reticulata Ivory Silk

20-23

6-7m

16'

5m

4

dark green turn yellow in the fall

large white flowers, capsule

a compact oval headed tree with fragrant white flowers, dark brown bark, and a non-suckering habit

JAPANESE TREE LILAC - Snowdance

Syringa reticulata Bailnce 

18'

5.5m

20'

6m

3

dark green turning yellow in the fall

large white flowers, sterile

vase-shaped tree with a layered branching habit; fragrant white flowers, sterile, non-suckering

LINDEN - Corinthian

Tilia cordata Corzam

40-45'

12-14m

15'

5m

3

green turning yellow in the fall

yellow flowers, tan nutlet

narrow upright pyramidal tree with heart-shaped leaves that turn yellow in the fall and fragrant flowers

LINDEN - Greenspire

Tilia cordata Greenspire

40-50'

12-15m

33'

10m

2

green turning yellow in the fall

yellow flowers, tan nutlet

dense pyramidal tree with heart-shaped leaves and fragrant flowers; drought tolerant

LINDEN - Dropmore

Tilia x flavescens Dropmore

33'

10m

23'

7m

3

green turning yellow in the fall

yellow flowers, tan nutlet

dense pyramidal tree with heart-shaped leaves that turn yellow in the fall and fragrant flowers in the summer

ELM - American

Ulmus americana

66'

20m

50'

15m

3

green turning yellow in the fall

greenish-red flowers, somara

large fast growing, vase-shaped spreading tree; dark green leaves turn bright yellow in the fall

ELM - Brandon

Ulmus americana Brandon

50'

15m

33'

10m

3

green turning yellow in the fall

greenish-red flowers, somara

a fast growing upright, vase-shaped tree with coarse toothed leaves that turn yellow in the fall