Perennial Vines

Vines are a versatile group of perennial plants that add a vertical element to the landscape.  They are suitable for covering surfaces such as walls, embankments, trees trunks, fences, posts, and trellises.  This group of plants is ideal for adding colour and texture to vertical spaces in your landscape.  All vines require some kind of support for climbing; Engelman Ivy is the only exception, it is self-clinging.

Fruiting Vines

Issai Arctic Kiwi -  A moderately fast-growing and self-fertile vine.   A very adaptable plant to most sites, it prefers full sun to part shade and moist, well-drained soil.  Its dense dark green leaves turn yellow in the fall and produces small fragrant white flowers in late spring to early summer, followed by small smooth skinned fruit.  Its fruit is about the size of a large grape with a tangy sweet flavor.

Arctic Beauty Kiwi -  A moderately fast growing vine that can be grown for foliage or fruit.  Its dense green leaves become splashed with pink, bronze and white with age; male plants yield more vivid colouring.  In the spring it produces small fragrant white flowers.  In order for fruit production a male and female plant must be planted in close proximity to each other.  This is an adaptable plant that prefers to be planted in a location that receives partial shade.

Hardy Grapes - A hardy vine that needs to be planted in a sheltered site away from winds and mulched in the winter.  It produces deeply lobed dark green leaves, fragrant white flowers, and medium sized blue-black berries that ripen in late summer.  Grapes are good for fresh eating, juice, jams, and jellies.   

Ornamental Vines

Bittersweet - a tough, durable vine with separate female (fruiting) and male (non-fruiting) plants.  Adaptable to most sites, it prefers full sun to part shade and moist, well-drained soil.  Its leaves are glossy dark green turning yellow in the fall.  In the summer it produces small yellow-white flowers followed by yellow capsules that split open to reveal orange-red fleshy seeds on female plants.  

Blue Moon Wisteria - a showy vigorous vine with long trusses of fragrant lavender-blue flowers in the summer.  Plant in full sun to part shade in rich moist, well-drained soil; it benefits from a sheltered site and winter mulching. 

Clematis - one of the most popular vines.  There are a wide variety of clematis varieties available and they vary dramatically in flower shape and pruning.  All clematis have the same general requirements.

  • Full sun to part shade; some varieties will tolerate full shade.
  • Organically rich soil. Amend soil with manure, compost or leaf mold.
  • Moist, well-drained soil. Avoid soils that dry out quickly.
  • Cool roots.  Shade root system with plants, mulch, rocks, etc…
  • Fertilize regularly.

Pruning Groups:

Group A / Group 1 – flowers on previous season’s growth and requires minimal pruning.  Prune it immediately after flowering to remove dead and weak stems.

Group B / Group 2 – flowers on previous season’s growth (May-June) and again in September on current season’s growth.  Prune it lightly in early spring removing all dead and weak stems.

Group C / Group 3 – flowers on current season’s growth.  Prune it in late winter to early spring down to 6-12 inches (15-30cm) above the ground.

Honeysuckle - a showy flowering vine that has rounded dark green to bluish-green leaves.  This vine prefers full sun to part shade and moist well-drained soil; tolerant of shady conditions.  In late spring it produces bright tubular flowers in red, pink, or yellow.  Honeysuckles attract hummingbirds.

Hops - an extremely vigorous, fast growing vine with coarse deeply lobed dark green or golden yellow leaves.  Plants prefer full sun to light shade and moist, well-drained soil.  Hops produce male and female flowers on separate plants.  Male plants produce clusters of small greenish flowers and female plants produce the cone-like structures called hops.  Due to its dense growing habit, hops are a great choice for screening.  Hops have the capability of growing 6 meters (20 feet) in one season.  Prune hops back to the ground annually.

Virginia Creeper - a fast growing, vigorous vine that adapts to almost any condition.  It will grow in full sun to full shade, any average soil, and exposed windy sites.  Virginia creeper produces nice five-parted green foliage that turns bright red-burgundy in the fall.  In late spring it produces small greenish-white flowers followed by bluish-black berries.

Engelman Ivy is a variety of Virginia creeper that is self-clinging, no support is required.