Fruit trees in Calgary? Yes, there are a variety of different fruit trees that grow and thrive in Calgary. Here is a list of fruit trees and what their pollination requirements are.
There is a wide selection of edible apples that perform well and produce abundantly in Calgary. They require cross-pollination to produce fruit. This means that you need two different cultivars, edible apples, ornamental crabapples or crabapples; that bloom at the same time and are located within 100 meters of each other. In Calgary, because ornamental crabapples and apples are so popular, you usually don’t have to worry about having two different trees in your yard!
Here are some varieties that are great for Calgary:
- Battleford - 6-7.5cm yellow-green apples with a dull red blush ripen in mid September
- Dexter - 7-8cm amber apples streaked red ripen late August to early September
- Fall Red - 7-8cm dull red apples that ripen mid to late September
- Goodland - 6-8cm red blushed creamy-green apples that ripen in mid September
- Haralson - 6-7.5cm red apples that ripen in late September
- Harcourt - 6-7cm bright red apples that ripen in mid September
- Hardi-Mac - 6-7cm bright red apples that ripen in mid September
- Honeycrisp - 7-8cm bright red apples that ripen in late September
- Norkent - 7cm green apples with red stripes that ripen in late August to early September
- Norland - 6-7cm green apples with red stripes that ripen in late August
- Odyssey - 7-8cm green apples streaked with red that ripen in mid to late August
- Parkland - 6-7cm yellow-green apples with a red blush that ripen in mid to late August
- September Ruby - 6-7cm bright red apples with light green ribbing ripen in mid September
- Zestar - 7.5cm red striped apple that ripens in late August
A showy small tree with showy white flowers that produces golden-yellow fruit that is great for eating and preserves. Apricots require cross-pollination with another Apricot variety or a Nanking Cherry. Fruiting in Calgary can be somewhat sporadic as late spring frosts can kill flower buds.
Here are some varieties suitable for Calgary:
- Morden 604 - 4-5cm golden-yellow apricots that ripen in early August
- Scout - 3.5-4.5cm bronze-gold blushed red that ripens in early August
- Westcot - 3.5-4.5cm golden-yellow red blushed apricot that ripens in mid to late August
A lot of work has been put into breeding cherry trees for the prairies that are hardy, dwarf size and good fruit. These cherries are great for making pies, processing and fresh eating. They are self-pollinating so only one plant is required for fruit production. They grow best in full sun and well-drained soil.
Here are some varieties to try:
- Evans Cherry - 2-3cm bright red semi-sweet cherries that ripen in late July
- Romance series
- Crimson Passion - 3-4cm dark almost black cherries that ripen in mid August; highest sugar content
- Cupid - 3-4cm dark red-black cherries that ripen in early September; blooms one week later than other cherries
- Juliet - 2-3cm dark red cherries that ripen in mid August
- Romeo - 2-3cm dark red-black cherries that ripen in late August
- Valentine - 2-3cm dark red-black cherries that ripen in early Augus
- Carmine Jewel - 2-3cm dark almost black cherries that ripen late July to early August
Plums are great small trees for the landscape. They produce edible plums that are great for eating fresh, preserves and canning. Plums require cross-pollination to produce fruit and each variety requires specific pollinators. In order to produce fruit successfully the plum tree and its pollinator must be located within 100 meters or within a city block of each other.
Here are some great varieties for Calgary:
- Brookgold - 2.5-3cm golden plums that ripen in mid August
- Brookred - 4-5cm dark red plums that ripen in late August
- Compass - 2.5-3cm red plums that ripens in late August
- Mount Royal (self-fertile) - 4-5cm blue plums that ripens in mid to late August
- Opata - 2-3cm dark red plums that ripens in late August
- Pembina - 4-5cm red plums that ripens in late August
We also carry a Combination plum that has 4 different kinds of plums grafted onto one plant so you don’t have to worry about pollination.
These are great small trees that produce masses of showy white flowers in the spring followed by small pears in the fall. They are self-fertile but fruit production increases when pollinated with another variety. The fruit on these trees is great for jams, canning, preserves and fresh eating.
Here are some hardy varieties for Calgary:
- Early Gold - 5cm golden-yellow plum that ripens in late August
- Golden Spice - 5cm yellow pear blushed with dull red that ripens in mid to late September
- Ure - 5cm yellow-green pear that ripens in mid September