Artichoke (Jerusalem)

  • different from a common artichoke, but its consistency and flavour of the cooked tubers resemble the flavour of an artichoke
  • require a sunny location
  • average well-drained soil
  • harvest in the fall
  • easy to grow


  • requires more care than most vegetables in your garden
  • full sun
  • rich, moist, well-drained soil
  • amend soil with compost or manure
  • add a handful of bone meal per plant when planting
  • dig a trench 15-25cm deep in rows 60-90cm apart
  • add a handful of bone meal per plant
  • spread roots out and space plants 30cm apart
  • cover roots with no more than 10cm of soil
  • gradually fill trench as plant grows
  • apply a starter fertilizer (10-52-10) after planting and repeat application at 1 week intervals for 3-4 weeks using half the recommended rate
  • water regularly
  • pick as required
  • minimum 3 yr old before harvesting begins
  • cut spears 15-20cm long and about the thickness of your finger
  • cut with a sharp knife below the soil level - do not damage immature spears
  • avoid over harvesting as this reduces next year’s yields
  • 1st yr harvest only 2-3 wks, 2nd yr harvest no more then 3-4wks and after that 4-6wks

Bassica Family:

Broccoli, Brussel Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Kale and Kohlrabi.

All these vegetables belong to the same family so have the same cultural requirements:
  • full sun
  • rich, moist we-drained soil
  • amend soil with compost or well-rotted manure annually 
  • keep well watered especially when fruit development begins
  • keep weed free
  • plant outdoors when chance of frost has past
  • use a transplant fertilizer (10-52-10) for 3 weeks after planting then use an all purpose (20-20-20) or a vegetable fertilizer (15-15-30)
  • cut off central head along with 5-6" of stem when it is fully developed but before it begins to loosen or flower
  • side shoots will develop enabling you to harvest over a longer period
  • harvest during the coolest parts of the day
  • 40 days to harvest
Brussel Sprouts
  • slow growing, long season vegetable
  • matures in the fall during cooler days
  • pick or cut sprouts from the stem when they are firm and round 
  • a light frost will improve flavour
  • 90-100 days to harvest
  • many different varieties
  • harvest at any stage - before heads split or become damaged
  • sometimes during exceptional seasons a second crop will be produced
  • 80-100 days to harvest
  • cool weather crop, a little more difficult than other vegetable crops
  • heads will be compact, very firm and white when ready to harvest
  • harvest when slightly immature by cutting the main stem 
  • very important to keep well watered throughout the season 
  • 55–60 days to harvest
  • adaptable crop that will tolerate a range of temperature and poor soils 
  • harvest when leaves are 15cm high
  • young leaves have the best flavour
  • better flavour after a couple of frosts
  • 55 days to harvest
  • similar to a turnip
  • harvest when they are midway between the size of a golf ball and a tennis ball (2" in diameter)
  • 40-60 days to harvest


  • a lot of work involved with this crop, need a long growing season 
  • sunny location
  • rich, moist, well-drained soil
  • amend soil with compost or manure annually
  • water and fertilize regularly throughout the growing season
  • keep area weed free
  • transplant outdoors once chance of frost has past - will tolerate a light frost
  • dig a trench 5cm deep and space plants 20cm apart
  • can harvest outer stalks and leaves throughout the season, just don’t take more then a quarter of the growth
  • when ready to harvest, cut entire plant just above the base of the roots
  • 90-120 days to harvest

NOTE: this is a high maintenance crop - requires lots of water & fertilizer


  • full sun, sheltered area with climbing support
  • rich, moist, well-drained soil
  • amend soil with compost or manure annually
  • plant outdoors when chance of frost has passed
  • mulch around the base of the plants
  • plant and maintain cucumber crops late in the day when soil is warm and leaves are dry
  • plant in hills, 30cm apart
  • feed every two weeks with a vegetable fertilizer (15-15-30)
  • pick off the first fruit when it reaches 6cm in length this encourages a better yield
  • harvest when fruit reaches a reasonable size and sides are parallel
  • harvest on a regular bases so production continues
  • production will cease if the fruit is allowed to mature and turn yellow on the vines
  • 70 days to harvest


  • full sun, rich, moist well-drained soil
  • amend soil with compost or manure on annually
  • dig a shallow trench (1cm) and place plants 5-10cm apart
  • as plants grow , fill in the trench
  • gently lift plants in the fall being careful not to wrench plant out of the soil
  • harvest leeks when they are on the small side for best flavour
  • dig up leeks soil and all and place in a cardboard box (soil, root and all)
  • keep them in a cold room or garage and harvest them as needed
  • 105 days to harvest


  • one of the easier vegetables to grow
  • full sun to part shade, moist, well-drained soil
  • amend soil with compost or manure annually
  • can plant from early spring to the beginning of July
  • avoid watering late in the day
  • It’s a good idea to put out slug pellets or some kind of control for slugs to protect your crop
  • ready to be harvested as soon as a firm heart has formed
  • simply cut head off
  • harvest in the morning when leaves are crisp
  • pick only as much as you can use or need
  • in containers - cut to about 2.5cm from soil level and a second crop will be produced
  • stagger crops so you have a continuous supply of lettuce throughout the season
  • 50-90 days to harvest


  • two types sweet and hot
  • full sun and in a sheltered site - at least 6 hours of sun a day 
  • amend soil with compost or manure annually
  • water and fertilize plants on a regular basis
  • plant outdoors after danger of frost has passed
  • start seed indoor in March 
  • plant slightly deeper then plant were in the containers
  • plant 35cm apart
  • pick fruit when they appear to be ripe
  • green peppers are usually harvested when they reach 6-9cm long or left to ripen to red or yellow
  • hot peppers can be picked any time
  • 60-80 days to harvest


  • full sun, moist, well-drained soil in a sheltered location
  • amend soil with compost or manure annually
  • keep well watered and fertilized
  • plant outdoors when danger of frost has passed
  • regular harvesting encourages continued production
  • harvest when fruit is young and small (10-20cm) for best flavour
  • 50-55 days to harvest

Indoor Seeding Charts



Beans -bush, pole, yellow & broad

1st week of May


No need seed outdoors in April-May


1st week of April

Brussels sprouts

1st week of April


1st week of April


No need seed outdoors April-June


1st week of April


3rd week of April

Kale & Kohlrabi

1st week of April




March 1st

Parsnips & Peas

No need seed outdoors in early spring




No need seed outdoors in early May


No need seed outdoors in mid-July

Rutabaga & Turnip

No need seed outdoors as soon as soil is workable


No need seed outdoors in May


Late April

Swiss Chard

No need seed outdoors in May


Late February-early March